29 Different Types of Saws and Their Uses

1. Backsaw

A backsaw is a type of hand saw that includes a stiffening rib (aka steel backing ) on the upper edge that is located on the opposite side of the cutting edge (teethed side). The stiffening allows for greater control and more accurate cutting than is possible with other types of saws. Backsaws are commonly used to cut wood and other materials. As a general rule, backsaws are used in woodworking for precision work, such as cutting dovetails in cabinetry and joinery, or miters as well as tenons in joinery. Since backsaws have a stiffening rib, they are restricted in the depth to which they may cut. Backsaws often have teeth that are very tightly spaced, and they frequently have little or no set.

A thin and strong blade is required for the operations of a backsaw. Using spot welding and/or swaging it is possible to create a stiff backing on the top side. The stiffening cap across the length of the top edge of the blade ensures that these two immediately conflicting criteria are reconciled and the blade can be used. The rear of the blade is a thickening of the blade that is usually composed of a metal, most often brass or steel, to provide additional strength. It is necessary to carry the stiffening back into the handle in order to prevent the blade from bending between the two. The thickness of the back restricts the backsaw’s cutting depth. However, you will be happy to learn that this is usually not a problem in their regular applications.

2. Band Saw

A bandsaw is a power saw that cuts material using a long, sharp blade made out of a continuous band of toothed metal stretched between two pulleys or wheels at both ends. They’re mostly employed in metalworking, woodworking, as well as lumbering, although they can also cut through a range of materials. The capacity to cut irregular or curved forms like a jigsaw, as well as a consistent cutting motion due to an equally distributed tooth load, are also advantages.

The breadth of the band and its kerf define the minimum radius of a curve. Most bandsaws have two driven wheels spinning in the same plane, but others may have three or four to spread the weight. The blade may be made in a range of sizes and tooth pitches, making the machine very flexible and capable of cutting a number of materials such as wood, metal, and plastic.

The band saw exists as two subtypes namely stationary or portable. The stationary band saw is made up of a tall floor-standing frame in which the saw blade stands and moves vertically next to the cutting table where the materialto be cut is placed. The portable band saw on the other hand is a lghtweight tool that can easily be moved around to cut material with extra convenience.

3. Bow Saw

A bow saw is the same as a Swede saw or Finn saw. It is a metal-framed crosscut saw in the shape of a bow with a coarse wide blade. This type of saw can be used for any cutting, up to six inches in diameter.

A bow saw is a woodworking instrument that is traditionally used to make straight or curved cuts. A frame saw is a kind of bow saw. It has a thin blade that is kept in place by a frame. A turnbuckle or twisted cord that runs parallel to the blade between the two cheeks but on the other side of the stretcher keeps the blade in tension. If a cord is used, it is twisted and a toggle is connected to one of the cord’s loops to create strain.

4. Chainsaws

Chainsaws are a distinct type of blade-driven saw, used for cutting tree, logs, and branches. They usually have a guide that determines where the blade will go or they might just work in a straight line across a tree.

There are two types of chainsaw tools that can be used as chainsaws – hand held or cranked. Hand chain saws must be operated in close contact to the area requiring cutting. Crank-drive chain saws operate at considerable distance and are often large enough to cut frames and sections from trees without the need for a crane or other heavy equipment. Large chainsaw models have been manufactured that include both methods, so they can be dragged along under their own power like a handcart when not in use.

Chainsaws come in a wide range of prices. For example, there are small chainsaws that can cost as little as $200 and for that price, you’ll get something made to handle light-duty jobs like pruning. There are larger ones with bar lengths of 16 inches or more than can cost over $1,000 and be used for commercial purposes such as clearing out large brush piles or cutting logs to firewood size.

5. Chop (Cut-Off or Abrasive) Saws

A chop saw, aka cut-off or abrasive saw, is a circular saw used to cut hard materials including metals, concrete as well as tile. An abrasive disc, comparable to a narrow grinding wheel, performs the cutting action. This isn’t technically a saw since it doesn’t cut with consistently formed teeth.

These saws come in a variety of forms, including table top, free hand, and walk behind. The cutting wheel and engine are placed on a pivoting arm connected to a fixed base plate in table top versions, which are frequently used to cut tile and metal. Table top saws are often driven by electricity and include a built-in vise or other clamping mechanism. On construction sites, free hand patterns are often used to cut pipes, asphalt and concrete. The handles and motor are close to the operator, while the blade is at the far end of the saw. Because the materials being cut are bigger and heavier, free hand saws do not have a vise. Walk-behind versions, also known as flat saws, are bigger saws that cut through concrete floors, asphalt, and concrete paving materials from a cart or stand.

6. Circular (Example is Rip Cut)

7. Coping

8. Crosscut

9. Flooring

10. Fret Saw

If you are wondering why the Fret Saw sounds weird, it’s because they were originally designed to cut metal and not wood.
Now, a fret saw will apparently work just as well on wood. However, unlike other types of saws such as table or panel saws that have a horizontal blade rotating upwards through its own gantry in order to create the cutting force (a pushing motion), the blades of fret saws rotate down towards the table with an orbital push-pulling motion that creates shearing forces (a pulling motion). This type of movement which requires significantly more power makes them unsuitable for materials like softwoods that tear easily – woods such as oak which needs more fibers to resist these forces must be specially prepared before sawing.11. Hacksaw

Hacksaws come in several different types, the most popular of which is the classic straight blade. The straight blade hacksaw has a narrow metal guide along its top edge with teeth in a pattern designed for slicing through materials such as electrical wires, webs of knotty branches, sheetmetal piping and large tree limbs.

The traditional circular or one-handed decorative type has serrated teeth to work on softer wood or to cut plasterboard when installing an economical false wall. These saws have replaceable blades and are mostly used by tradesmen who find themselves often cutting through boards at strange angles.

12. Hole saw

A hole saw is a type of hand-operated drill which use a circular saw blade that ranges anywhere from 10 centimeters to over 18 centimeters in diameter. The best thing about hole saws is that you don’t need to pre-drill the initial hole before using them, if it’s large enough for the blades inside. And when you’re done cutting through the material you then just remove the blade and there won’t be any holes left behind; no more messy job of cutting and patching up the remaining wood pieces together like after using some other types of saws.

13. Japanese Saw

Japanese saws are traditionally used to cut wood. They are different from Western saws in that the blade does not have teeth but a serrated edge. This means it can be set for close, semi-wide or wide blades, depending on the task at hand.
Japanese saw blades themselves are also typically smaller than Western saw blades which is another thing to consider when using them as they may require more frequent sharpening and occasional striking to achieve desired results.
Lastly, because of the lack of teeth, unlike most (but not all) Western crosscut swords, Japanese circular hacksaws cannot sever steel bars efficiently; yet this limitation doesn’t restrict them from normal use with wood materials such as various types of lumber timber.

14. Jigsaw

The jigsaw is a type of saw that attaches to most tablesaws. The edge or teeth on its blade flex in and out as it rotates, so that only part of the blade at a time touches the surface being cut – hence ‘JIGSAW’. It cuts with compression on contact so like any power tool it needs an anaesthetic in order to maintain accuracy for precision cutting.

15. Keyhole (pad, alligator, jab, drywall) Saw
A keyhole saw is a type of Saw that has an offset blade. The teeth are wider at the top than they are near the cutting edge, so the kerf material tends to bend inward and stay straight in a groove. A keyhole saw can also have bevelled or chamfer teeth, with long blades used for repetitive cutting jobs where accuracy matters more than speed.

16. Miter Saw

A miter saw, also known as a mitre saw, is a saw that uses a mounted blade to produce precise crosscuts and miters in a workpiece. A miter saw used to be made up of a back saw and a miter box, but nowadays it’s made up of a motorized circular saw that can be positioned at various angles and dropped into a board that’s positioned against a backstop called the fence.

By changing the vertical tilt axis of the top part of the machine while the table lats flat horizontally, powered miter saws may also cut bevels into a work piece. A single compound miter saw is a miter saw with a single axis that may be inclined in one direction. A double bevel compound miter saw has an axis that can tilt both left and right. When placed flat on the table of the saw and flush against the fence, some are fitted with a sliding rail system or a pivot arm to cut larger work pieces. A sliding compound miter saw is what this is called.

Miter saws are the best tools for cutting wood trim and molding. However, they may also be used to cut metal, masonry, and plastics if the right blade is used for the job. They’re fast, accurate, and easy to use.

17. Oscillating Saw

Oscillating saws are used for defined, controlled cuts and mechanized woodworking. They’re available in corded or cordless models and different blade options. The motor’s oscillation allows the saw to move back and forth along a fixed cutter blade without binding so precision cutting can be done on large pieces of material that wouldn’t be possible with hand labour alone.

Oscillating saws use a mechanism where a large, circular weight spins about its axis while other spokes attached to it pull inward against an outer armature. This arm is connected to an inner vibrating parallel shaft that has a circular rotating cutting blade at one end (like other types of table saw), which moves at high speed through the top piece of material.

18. Panel Saw

A panel saw is also called a large power miter saw or gang type. Panel saws are used for making large cuts in many different kinds of panels, including sheetrock, drywall, wood and metal. They usually have a replaceable blade and are guided by a straightedge clamped to the material being cut. Some models have a removable fence that can be fitted in front of the blade as an added measure of support when cutting long boards or providing width adjustment on certain units.

19. Pole Saw

Pole saws are used in the same way as handheld saws. They are equipped with a telescoping metal pole that can extend up to 12 feet. A brush on the end is often used to collect debris and yard clippings during cleanup. If you have a lot of trees, but not enough people to tree trim regularly, you might find this type of saw helpful!
How to use it?
-Tree trimming body with regular grooming maintenance
-Brush for picking up debris or trimmings

The pros and cons? Positive aspects include safety and reduced risk of injury from powered chain-saw.

20. Pruning saw


21. Radial Arm saw

This is a saw used by carpenters and contractors to make precision crosscuts. This type of saw is an electric orbital-action miter saw that can be turned on the pivot or positioned parallel with a guiding arm (called the shadow arm) to make accurate cuts on the slot. It was designed primarily for use in industrial applications, but has also found use in furniture workshops. Because it is masquerading as woodworking equipment it does not require certification per nailing specifications for power tools under section 2308.11 of ANSI A133.1 and permits non-woodworkers – such as carpenters, plumbers, concrete polishers and automotive technicians – to cut large quantities of dimensional lumber quickly and accurately without disruption to workplace production.

22. Reciprocating Saw

This is a type of saw utilized for cutting materials mainly in the construction industry. The user grips the reciprocating saw by its wooden or plastic handle which is slotted on one end for stability while wielding it with their opposite hand for control. A blade oscillates rapidly back and forth, driven by an electric motor that cannot be heard outside of about 30 feet. Reciprocating saws are used to cut drywall and wood paneling concurrently so that there will not be any residual nails later that can injure those cutting or sanding down the area they were working on. The reciprocating saw has a relatively wide base, making it easier for them to work across a surface such as walls when slicing through sheet rock or plasterboard.

23. Rotary Saw

A rotary saw is a power tool that is used to make different operations such as cutting, grinding and sanding. It can be also used for digging trenches, making floors and surfaces flat.
Very common rotary saws are called the Makita 9403NBK 5-Inch 10 AMP Corded Rotary Saw Kit with One blade is what an all-around sawing needs. There’s also Bosch R30EVSK Rotak Hoist Ready Deck Scaffolding System which has “easy assembly” so it’s useful for craftsmen who know how to assemble things quickly. The small circular cut out in the base plate usually aids in fastening workpieces during drilling tasks or when using a jigsaw

24. Scroll Saw

A scroll saw is a type of handsaw that is designed for intricate cutting work. The term “scroll” refers to the ability to cut curvy lines, something which usually requires a degree of skill and patience. This design was helpful in making ornate designs on both stationary and furniture pieces such as chairs.

With the advent of more modern machinery at less affordable prices (purchased by companies), this device has largely been relegated to hobbyists with small budgets or those who want specific, personalized projects made such as musical instruments or furniture pieces that need ornate designs without destroying them in industrial level machining processes like CNC routing machines. Like any other hand operated tool, they require a high level of manual dexterity.

25. Table saw

A table saw is a type of power tool which, instead of using a knife to cut material, uses short blades rotating at high speed on both the front and back sides of the table. The blade on the inside edge of the table is angled downward in order to better make contact with a work piece fed through it vertically by gravity.

26. Tile Saw

A tile saw is a hand-held circular saw that can be used for cutting roof tiles. This tool has a diamond blade on the lower surface and so is mostly used for cutting tiles – usually at an angle of 45 degrees to allow for water drainage during the process.

The tool can also be used by beginners in DIY projects as it requires no measuring or marking out beforehand and doesn’t cut down through the whole depth of the tile, but only has to go past its outer edge. Tile saws often come with other equipment such as a handle, small vise, adjustable backplate for depth settings, pencil holder and ripback stop plate as well as water supply hose or vacuum cup connector plug socket.

27. Track Saw

A track saw or rip saw is a woodworking power tool used for straight, long cuts. The track saw will make a clean, fast cut because it uses an abrasive blade that can be replaced easily and it has variable speeds depending on the task. This is great for repetitive lengthy cuts like plywood panels and roofing materials. A stationary table would not have these advantages because of its more limited functions and speed.

28. Veneer Saw

Veneer saws are a type of saw that cuts through the surface without penetrating the material due to its ultra-thin and extremely sharp saw blade. This particular type of saw can cut various types of finishes such as hardwood, veneer, pre-made plywood, laminates and melamine.

29. Wallboard Saw

The “wallboard saw” is a specialty tool that cuts popsicle sticks, wallboard and styrofoam boards usually used in construction work. This type of saw typically has a long, narrow blade with cross-cutting teeth at about 17 degrees angle to the blade.

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